Stop Using These 6 Plants In Your Witchcraft Immediately

How much time do you spend thinking about nature in your craft? For most witches, it’s probably a significant amount of time. Much of modern witchcraft is earth-centric. Even if you’re not a super eco-conscious green witch, your craft includes plants, stones, dirt, water, etc. that all impact our planet. I mean, there’s no escaping it. We live here. 

While many witches are solitary, this doesn’t exempt us from considering our impact on the collective whole of the planet and society. In fact, with so many of us holding beliefs like animism, polytheism, and working with the energetic forces of the world around us, it would be insane for us to NOT consider the implications of our craft on the world at large. Can you imagine how off kilter you would get if you focused only on your own energy and never thought about how the energies of people and places around you could impact your wellbeing and magic? It would be bad!

In the same way, it doesn’t make sense for us to ignore the impact of our practices on the world. Each of us impacts the world and that impact collectively shapes the world we live in. If we want a better world, we’ve got to help create it! The plants we’re going to talk about today are heavily consumed in modern witchcraft and for a variety of reasons, we need to reconsider our use of them. Our planet, our spirituality, and the people we share our home with rely on us to be conscious in our craft!

1. Palo Santo

Most witches are familiar with palo santo; at this point, it’s become one of the most common cleansing agents in the Western world. This South American wood is said to have many spiritual benefits and its name literally translates to holy wood. But did you know that palo santo is critically endangered?

Yep, there are fewer than 250 mature palo santo trees left in the wild and their numbers are diminishing at an alarming rate according to the United Plant Savers Medicinal Plant Conservation. While it is illegal to cut these trees down, companies still do so in order to sell the wood for profit. 

On top of this, according to the beliefs of the people that this tree is actually sacred to, cutting down the trees rids the wood of any benefit. The indigenous people who use this wood wait for the tree to die of natural causes and rest on the forest floor for years before harvesting it for sacred use. In purchasing this wood from predatory sellers, you are essentially paying for a useless tool that has been stripped of all of its sacred properties by those who have no respect for the culture or the environments they’re stealing it from. That will not do you or your magic any favors and it certainly isn’t respectful of the indigenous people who hold this tree sacred.

2. Frankincense 

Frankincense, or boswellia, has been used in religious ceremonies for thousands of years but it, too, has found itself in perilously short numbers. As demand has increased worldwide, these trees are seeing a decline in population as reckless producers overtax trees, killing them faster than they can be replaced. Ecologists are now saying that these forests could be gone within 50 years, destroying centuries of religious tradition and the environment and economy of Somalia at the same time. As consumers, it’s vital that we don’t support this destruction simply to make ourselves feel like we’re doing magic “right”. Just because a plant was commonly used by magicians and witches of the past doesn’t mean that it’s the only plant that we can use!

3. Myrrh

Myrrh, like frankincense, is a plant that has also found use in spiritual traditions tracing back thousands of years, often used in purification and cleansing, banishing, hex breaking, and protecting oneself psychically. Unfortunately, it’s also another critically endangered species with fewer than 250 mature adult trees remaining globally. There’s a 50% chance of myrrh becoming extinct within 10 years! 

It is absolutely insane for us to continue using this plant without regard for its continued existence. How can we view something as sacred while destroying its chance of survival? How can we claim to work with the spirits of these plants while destroying their populations? Even if we personally decided that we didn’t care about the environmental impact of our use of these plants, there still remains the fact that this is hugely disrespectful of these plants! Would you help someone who was burning your house to the ground and murdering your family? I don’t think so. Why should you expect any different from the spirits and energies that you’re calling on by using these plants?

4. Dragons Blood

While the dragons blood tree is not yet endangered, it is considered vulnerable at this point. The good news is that it’s incredibly unlikely that you’ve actually been using real dragons blood resin at all. True dragons blood resin is incredibly rare and quite expensive, there’s also no genuine form of dragons blood essential oil in existence. What you’ve been using is, in all likelihood, fake. Many incenses, resins, and oils are marketed as dragons blood when they are actually just perfumed knock offs. This is actually a good thing though! Dragons blood tree populations aren’t regenerating quickly enough due to the global warming crisis and further taxation on the species could drive it firmly into the endangered category in no time. This is a product that you should largely avoid simply because you’re being lied to. What you’re purchasing isn’t dragons blood at all, it’s simply a concoction of synthetic scents and dyes.

5. Sandalwood

If you’ve made it this far, you won’t be surprised when I say that sandalwood is critically endangered. Again, this means there are fewer than 250 trees, with a strong chance of complete extinction within 10 years. At this point, you should be alarmed and disgusted at how we’ve all been sold these “sacred” plants with no regard for their wellbeing. You should be pissed at how you’ve been used by capitalism and colonialism alike to fuel the destruction of so many plants that we hold spiritually important. 

6. White Sage

White sage is actually not endangered, as many people now claim that it is. The issue with white sage is that it is being destroyed and over-harvested in the wild which is making the plant scarce and hard to find for the native people who hold this plant sacred. This is problematic for completely different reasons. 

The native people who hold this plant sacred have nothing to do with witchcraft. Do you know why they consider white sage sacred? No? Neither do I, because I’m not from that culture. And yet, somehow, modern pagans have widely accepted that white sage is the go-to for cleansing. There is nothing about our own traditions that says that this plant is sacred. White sage was not used in traditional witchcraft, we didn’t start using it widely until the 70s when hippies and white feminists looking for a less restrictive spirituality began to cobble together whatever they could find out of eastern and indigenous spiritual practices. While I can understand their desire for a more grounded, freeing spiritual practice, the methods they used and the practices they stole weren’t for them, and they’re not for us either.

Native peoples have had the practice of their spirituality banned and made illegal by colonizers throughout history. Their languages, their homes, and the things they consider sacred have all been stolen from them and they are still struggling with inhumane treatment today. By using white sage that is being harvested unsustainably, we are in fact directly participating in their destruction. Our consumption of their cultures should be on their terms, in ways that benefit them and allow them to reclaim their lives and spiritualities from those who would seek to profit off of them.

What To Use Instead

Are you pissed off? You should be pissed off. We’re having our planet destroyed and sold to us under the guise of something “sacred”. Our spirituality is being capitalized upon and we are becoming numb to the true impact of our lives and practices. Magic is and always has been a practice of the underprivileged. Magic has always been an act of radical resistance against people and systems who would control us. It has always been used by the poor, by slaves, by those with no other recourse to grasp power for themselves. There is a reason that the word “witch” has such a long and unflattering history. The people in charge are terrified of us having any kind of power. They have done everything to stop us from demonizing us, to killing us, to making our religions illegal.

What many don’t realize is that the sterilization of our spirituality is just as much an attempt to quell our rebellious spirits as any show of force or legal limitation. By turning us into consumers, they strip us of our power. They plug us back into the system of powerlessness and subjugation where they decide what kind of power we are allowed to have. They turn us back into quiet, complacent consumers.

I don’t know about you, but I didn’t come to witchcraft to fill the pockets of some planet destroying capitalist scumbag. I came to the craft to take back my power. I came to the craft to take control of my life. I came to the craft because I was sick of feeling like a pawn in someone else’s game. It’s time to take our spirituality and our power back from those who would sterilize it.

You might be wondering how the hell you’re supposed to do that and what you should use if you’re not supposed to use any of these plants. 

There are TONS of alternative plants that you can use to cleanse, banish, purify, hex, protect, and whatever else you need to do but the absolute best plant for you to use, hands down, is the one you grow yourself. It doesn’t matter if that plant is on this list, if you’re growing it yourself, use it! This is an amazing way to get in touch with the spirits and nature around you. What you can grow, what thrives near you, and what you are personally good at taking care of can inform your magic hugely.

Now, I know not everyone has the ability or the space to grow tons of plants so I don’t present this as a complete solution. Heck, I can’t grow much more than rosemary because my cats will eat anything green they can get their paws on. But if you CAN grow your own plants, you SHOULD. If you can’t think of how you would possibly get by without white sage in your practice, then grow it yourself.

The next best kind of plant to use is the one that grows locally and can be wild harvested without negatively impacting local populations. For example, when I lived in Austin I was regularly using mountain juniper (known locally as cedar) in my practice. In Austin, cedar is abundant, universally hated for the heinous allergies they cause, and incredibly invasive, sucking up water and choking out native species. I could harvest all the cedar I wanted without worrying that I was damaging the environment. Research plants that grow near you and figure out what you can use them for in your craft. Learn to harvest sustainably and have fun.

Obviously, preventing witchcraft from becoming reliant on capitalism is important. We should never be beholden to these power structures for our own power. If you must be granted your power by an outside source, then you don’t actually have any power. We cannot be truly independent while existing within a capitalist society, nor do I think we should try to be. Rather, we should seek to be conscious consumers. If you cannot produce your materials yourself, and you cannot wild harvest the things you need from nature, then the next best thing is learning to use our consumption in a way that disrupts the power structures that keep us at a disadvantage. 

Stop buying from Amazon. Stop buying from huge monolith companies that don’t give a rats ass about you beyond your wallet. Start supporting local producers, indigenous producers, and ethical producers. If you must use a particular plant, find a way to source it that helps the culture that considers it sacred, that helps repopulate the species of plant, etc. Use your consumption as a weapon against the people who would strip you of your power. 

For those of you who would like easy recommendations for replacing these plants, I do have some suggestions. White sage, palo santo, and all of the other cleansing herbs I’ve mentioned can be replaced with literally any other variety of sage, lavender, thyme, mountain juniper, or my favorite, rosemary.

These plants are not unique in their ability to affect us magically. Many plants can be used to purify, protect, hex, attract prosperity, and so on. I guarantee you have useful and magical plants growing near you that you never would have considered. Everything from dandelions growing in cracks in the concrete, to the bindweed creeping up your fence, to the herbs growing in your windowsill can be used in your craft.

It’s time for us to take our power back and reclaim our spirituality as sacred!

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Stop Using These 6 Plants In Your Witchcraft Immediately // The Traveling Witch #magic


  1. So I have incense that are sandal wood, myhrr, and frankincense. I’m pretty certain they are simply fake scented sticks. Are these still OK to use? I figured its the intention that matters. Also, I live in a place where we do not have local producers to find things so buying from Amazon is my only option sometimes. But I will take care not to purchase these endangered species. I prefer Etsy anyway, where the merchants are usually individual practitioners and I only buy from the U.S.

    • If you already own them, go ahead and use them but I would suggest not buying more. Again, before you go sourcing things on Amazon, check to see what grows or can be grown locally. Even deserts have some amazingly useful plants to offer!

      Aside from just being a shitty company, Amazon is also riddled with fakes and banned substances, there’s no way to know if what you’re buying is safe! You can also source herbs from companies like Mountain Rose Herbs and local plant nurseries/farmers markets/medicinal herb sellers/etc. You don’t have to buy from witchy sources!

  2. Thank you for sharing this! I knew Palo Santo was problematic, but I didn’t know about the others. This is what happens when you get lazy I guess – you take things for granted and don’t do the necessary research. So again, thank you for sharing and educating 🙂

  3. Thank you so much for posting this! The Sandalwood surprised me because I feel like it’s in so many scents – this has been a wake up call to read ingredients before buying candles/oil blends.

    Being white and living in a colonized country, my go-to smoke cleanse is juniper! There are over 60 varieties and most are not endangered (Bermuda juniper is though, so please check your sources if you are in lower America). If you are looking for juniper-related inspiration, the Gaelic tradition of Saining is a great place to start! In Irish and Scottish tradition, saining with juniper is one way to celebrate the quarter holidays, bless new homes and family members, or cleanse a space. Best yet, it is an open tradition (unlike smudging, which is closed to those who are not native).

    With so many local varieties all over the world, it can be easily harvested or sustainable purchased at basically any garden center. I hope this is helpful to someone!

  4. Avery,

    Thank you for your commitment to preserving the spiritual integrity of this community. I wonder if the animosity many feel toward certain mainstream religions is actually the result of that path being contamination by commercialism and greed?We would be wise to be aware of how consumers dictate industry and do all that we can to avoid contributing to the problem. Spiritual paths and belief systems seem to create very potent leverage for those who seek to control the masses. Let’s not give them the opportunity to take advantage of us.

    It amazes me that you used the word sterilization in reference to our spiritual practices. I had a conversation with a friend of mine several months ago saying this exact thing! I have yet to see it mentioned by anyone but you and it brings me comfort knowing that there are others who can see it too.

    Your emphasis on developing a personal resonance with the elements is such a beautiful thing. Seeking out an understanding of local flora and fauna is such potent medicine. Growing and harvesting your own is so deeply spiritual and builds a deeper connection with the earth while helping to give back. If that’s not possible, there is no shame in reaching out to local folks who can help you find a way to accomplish your goal sustainably and responsibly.

    Yes to the previous comment on juniper! It is a lovely companion and is abundant where I live also. It’s funny that when you have to dedicate a week to harvesting, drying and powdering the bark that you can really appreciate the effort that goes into your craft. It builds appreciation for the years the tree took to grow and helps one to use those resources with purpose rather than recklessness.

    One that is a much easier to grow and harvest is lavender! It’s aroma is so wonderful and it’s a great everyday environmental tonic. I highly recommend giving this one a chance for daily practice. Each little sprig is even shaped like an incense!

    Thank you Avery for all that you do and for keeping this path free of clutter.

    Best to you always,

  5. I have only just set my feet to this path and joining Facebook groups, have quickly become overwhelmed by the materialist aspect. Needing crystals, charms, special this and that and it has been a rocky start. This coupled with the overuse and abuse of others cultures and produce made me wary. Thank you for shedding light on the importance of being informed and aware.

    • Being a witch I have found this often in beginners. I too succumbed to it when I began. When in all actuality we really don’t need all the crystals, charms, and special this and thats. We have a natured based religion. Nature based. All we need and all our ancestors needed can be found in nature. Just taking a walk in the woods or a park. Rocks that you find look special to you, you can use them. Leaves can be used in several ways. Wildflowers, graveyard dirt, pinecones, acorns can all be collected on your own. Need a chalice? The goodwill, dollar tree, any place like that. You can find it. It will call to you. Doesn’t need to be fancy. In fact the dollar tree or stores like it are great sources for candles, candle holders, small mirrors, etc. You can make some of the things you need as well. A pendulum can be as simple as a button on a string or a favorite rock with wire wrapped around it and attached to string or a pretty broken necklace. A tarot deck can be as simple as a regular deck of playing cards and some research on the card meanings. You can research witchcraft on a budget for lots of ideas. Hope this helps a little.

  6. Luckily both dragons blood, at least one species of it, and white safe are dead easy to grow yourself. Dragons blood comes from two different species, one is having problems the other is just a type of rattan palm that can be grown as a house plant if you like. White safe is a dessert plant, so it propagates from seed like crazy! However garden sage works just as well. If you want to use the other species why not balance your use with conscientious consumerism, reduce what you use and then put some of your money you would have spent on it toward conservation efforts?

  7. I knew why using white sage is unethical, but I didn’t know about most of the others. Thank you for this, it’s been really eye-opening! Lucky for me, I’m quite literally surrounded by Texas sage, and I never felt the need to use white sage anyway.

    I will admit that in the beginning of my craft I felt the need to buy, buy, buy, like I wasn’t a real witch if I didn’t have all this stuff and all these impossibly expensive materials. As time’s gone on, though, I’ve found myself becoming more comfortable using what I have available and not worrying too much if I don’t have this exact crystal or herb for that specific purpose. I’m lucky to have at least a few good local plants available to me without walking very far at all, since I currently have no room for a garden.

    It’s easy to fall prey to consumerism if you’re not careful, especially considering we can never truly escape from it unless we get rid of all our electronics and leave society entirely to go live in the woods for the rest of our lives. There’s not really any easy way to just opt out of capitalism, but we should at least do what we can to consume as ethically as we can in a world governed by money.

  8. Great article! More people should know these things. Palo Santo is the first I heard about, even before I fully became a green witch. Just want to make an addition here: I know English-based information, blogs, editorials, etc., are heavily centered around North American practices (which is normal! It’s where there’s the highest concentration of English speakers), but it can make it a bit awkward and uncomfortable when you come from a completely different lineage of knowledge in your practice.

    I’m French, and as well as being a green witch, I work with Gallic deities and believe in the Gallic religion of my ancestors. Most of the knowledge I have about plants, herbs, and working with them, comes from the old women of my community, books written by and for my people, rituals and practices consistant with traditions from where I live. And this bit about white sage isn’t necessarily true for us. (I’m not invalidating what you’re saying at all, I 100% agree with the protection of Native people’s right to their sacred plants).

    Here, sage is probably the oldest plant used in herbal medicine, the oldest record we have of folk magick used to help the commoners and even people of higher status. We actually call sage "the plant that saves". It’s been used for millenias. For the Gallic people, it was seen as a magick herb, capable of curing any disease. Our druids used it for many herbal remedies and rituals that I won’t share for cultural reasons, but it’s so old it’s actually kind of incredible. Our druids believed sage could raise the dead when combined with other ingredients into a potion and used in a ritual with chanting. A popular medicine book in the Middle Age said "Man, why do you die, when in your garden grows sage?". In the South of France, where I practice and learned everything from the women who’ve been doing this for their entire life and learned it from women who did the same, sage is almost sacred, even today. The South has its own language that isn’t French, which I learned as well since it’s still taught today, and we say that "qu’a de sauvi din soun jardin a pas besoun de médecin", which translates to "who has sage in their garden, doesn’t need a doctor".

    I’m not going to do an entire exposé of course, but just my two cents on why I use sage almost every day, grow it in my garden, care for it, and why my grandfather, my step dad’s mom, the women of my village, all have sage in their garden as well. I think different perspectives are important, and that’s why your article is so valuable, since it offers just and fair reasons to stop using herbs that have been deemed "sacred" for usamerican witches’ benefit. It’s an important message to share, and you did it brilliantly. But also, sometimes exceptions to the rule exist, and it’s nice to have them in mind!

    The Gallic may not be around anymore, but they’re our ancestors and we keep this culture alive with its traditions, passed down from generations. Thanks for writing a great article! – a green Gallic witch

  9. I agree with everything you’ve written but I am under the impression that your sage is not the same as white sage. I think it’s called Garden Sage or European Sage.

  10. I’m not really a plat user especially as in a few weeks I am moving to another country. I have been using a small rosemary branch for cleansing and that’s all, it does the work fine and it grows over expectations fast in my grandmother’s garden, I mostly work with scentless candles and my own energies. It’s not the tools that make you a witch or a part of any kind of religion – it is about being active in our faith and do good for others. <3

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